REASONS FOR A PATERNITY TEST
DNA paternity test results can be used in legal matters involving child support.
Courts universally accept DNA testing results when determining whether or not an alleged father should be responsible for child support, depending of course on the outcome of the test. If a tested man is excluded as being the father of a child he is usually released from all child support responsibility. The reverse is true if a tested man is not excluded as being the father; the courts usually determine him to be responsible for child support.
Child Custody/Visitation Rights:
In some cases DNA testing may be required in custody/visitation issues. Whether or not a tested man is determined to be the father of a child, using DNA testing, can be a deciding factor in the courts if he will have legal access to a child.
Often the U.S. State Dept. requires DNA testing of family members of U.S. citizens who wish to immigrate from other countries into the United States. Family relationships must be proven through DNA testing in order for the family in the U.S. to sponsor those wishing to immigrate. Without this definitive proof, immigration and U.S. citizenship can be denied.
Adoption agencies require both biological parents of a child to release a child to them for adoption. In cases where the paternity of a child is in question, DNA testing must be performed to determine who the father of a child is in order for that man to sign the child over to the adoptive parents. This testing is done to insure that all biological parents consent to the adoption, and to protect the adoptive parents from having a biological parent take the child back from them after the adoption process is complete. Biological parents have rights to custody of a child over adoptive parents until the biological parent legally consents to the adoption. Both biological parents consent must be obtained before an adoption can take place.
Insurance companies often require proof of paternity in order for them to add a child on an alleged father’s insurance policy. This most often happens when the mother and father are not married, or if the alleged father’s name was not put on the birth certificate at the time of birth. In these cases DNA testing is the only proof of paternity insurance companies will accept.
Often in inheritance issues courts will take into account family relationships in determining how an estate will be divided. This usually happens in cases when no Will is available or the Will is not specific enough when it comes to the division of the estate between family and non-family members. In these cases, DNA testing is the only way to prove family relationships. DNA Kinship testing can determine many types of relations including half and full siblings, grandparents and grandchildren, aunts and uncles, etc. This type of test is especially useful in inheritance issues because quite often the parent or estate owner is deceased and is not available to have his/her sample donated for said testing.
Peace of Mind:
Certainly not the very least of reasons to initiate a DNA paternity/maternity test is peace of mind. Sometimes no legal issues are at stake but that does not make the test any more or less important to the individuals involved. Not knowing who your mother or father are can be emotionally distressing and have a very real impact on your everyday life. These types of tests are just as important to your lab provider as any legal testing they do. The local lab understands that peace of mind is just as important as any other reason for requesting a DNA test.
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