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Urinalysis (UA)


Test Components:
The Urinalysis tests for the following:
1. Leukocytes
2. Nitrite
3. Urobilinogen
4. Protein
5. pH
6. Blood
7. Specific Gravity
8. Ketone
9. Bilirubin
10. Glucose

The Urinalysis can determine a number of health problems. It will see if your kidneys are functioning normally, if sugar is present in your urine, if you’re burning fat or if you have a urinary tract infection. In addition, it can locate substances that may be causing everything from metabolic problems to kidney disorders. Some doctors request a Urinalysis before surgery or during the early stages of pregnancy.

Why Do I Need It?:
A Urinalysis should be considered if you’re experiencing back pain, abdominal pain, blood in the urine, painful urination or frequent urination. These symptoms can be signs of more problematic health concerns such as urinary tract infections or organ failure in people with kidney disease.

Test Details:

Normal Range:
Leukocytes                 0‐500 leu/uL
Nitrite                         negative
Urobilinogen               less than 17 μmol/L
Protein                       negative
pH                             ranges from 4.6 to 8.0
Blood                         4 red cells per high power field
Specific Gravity            ranges from 1.002 to 1.028
Ketone                       negative
Bilirubin                      negative
Glucose                      negative
High Results Indicate:
LEUKOCYTES: Elevated results could indicate urinary tract infection or contamination.
NITRITE: Elevated results could indicate a urinary tract infection or bacterial infection.
UROBILINOGEN: Elevated results could indicate overworked liver, excessive red blood cell breakdown, restricted liver function, hepatic infection or liver cirrhosis.
PROTEIN: Elevated results could indicate amyloidosis, bladder tumor, congestive heart failure, diabetes, nephropathy, lupus or malignant hypertension.
pH: Elevated results could indicate kidney failure or urinary tract infection.
BLOOD: Elevated levels could indicate cystitis, glomerulonephritis, kidney trauma, kidney tumor, kidney stones or prostatitis.
SPECIFIC GRAVITY: Elevated results could indicate dehydration, excessive sweating, glucosuria, heart failure or water restriction.
KETONE: Elevated results could indicate anorexia, high protein or an acute or severe illness.
For diagnosis or treatment options, show your test results to a physician.
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BILIRUBIN: Elevated results could indicate cirrhosis, gallstones in the biliary tract, hepatitis due to biliary obstruction or tumors of the liver or gallbladder.
GLUCOSE: Elevated results may indicate diabetes mellitus.
Low Results Indicate:
LEUKOCYTES: There are no low levels for this test.
NITRITE: There are no low levels for this test.
UROBILINOGEN: Low levels may indicate an obstruction in the bile duct.
PROTEIN: There are no low values for this test.
pH: Low levels could indicate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetic ketoacidosis or diarrhea.
BLOOD: There are no low values for this test.
SPECIFIC GRAVITY: Low levels could indicate excessive fluid intake, diabetes insipidus or renal failure.
KETONE: There are no low values for this test.
BILIRUBIN: There are no low values for this test.
GLUCOSE: There are no low values for this test.

What Type of Physician Should You See?
You should see your primary care physician.